A childhood obesity prevention programme in Barcelona (POIBA Project): study protocol of the intervention

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Francesca Sanchez-Martinez | fsanchez@aspb.cat
http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8198-1661
Olga Juárez
Gemma Serral
Sara Valmayor
Rosa Puigpinós
María Isabel Pasarín
Élia Díez
Carles Ariza
Evaluation Group of the POIBA Project

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12-year-olds. Design: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group.
Methods: Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours. They are multilevel (individual, family and school) and multicomponent (classroom, physical activity and family). Data are collected through anthropometric measurements, physical fitness tests and lifestyle surveys before and after the intervention and the booster intervention. In the intervention group, families complete two questionnaires about their children’s eating habits and physical activity. The outcome variable is the cumulative incidence rate of obesity, obtained from body mass index values and body fat assessed by triceps skinfold thickness. The independent variables are sociodemographic, contextual, eating habits, food frequency, intensity of physical activity and use of new technologies.
Expected impact for public health:
It is essential to implement preventive interventions at early ages and to follow its effects over time. Interventions involving diet and physical activity are the most common, being the most effective setting the school. The POIBA Project intervenes in both the school and family setting and focuses on the most disadvantaged groups, in which obesity is most pronounced and difficult to prevent.

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How to Cite
Sanchez-Martinez, F., Juárez, O., Serral, G., Valmayor, S., Puigpinós, R., Pasarín, M. I., Díez, Élia, Ariza, C., & of the POIBA Project, E. G. (2018). A childhood obesity prevention programme in Barcelona (POIBA Project): study protocol of the intervention. Journal of Public Health Research. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2018.1129