Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of human papillomavirus infection in Italian women with cervical cytological abnormalities

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Angelo Meloni | dr.angelo.meloni@gmail.com
Roberta Pilia
Marcello Campagna
Antonella Usai
Giuseppina Masia
Valeria Caredda
Rosa Cristina Coppola

Abstract

Background. Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the most common sexually transmitted infection and high-risk HPV types are a necessary cause for the development of cervical cancer. The present study investigated the HPV-type specific prevalence in 650 women, aged 15-76 years, with cytological abnormalities and the association between HPV infection and cervical disease in a subset of 160 women for whom cytological results for Pap-Test were available, during the period 2008-2011 in Cagliari (Southern Italy).
Design and Methods. HPV-DNA extraction was performed by lysis and digestion with proteinase K and it was typed by using the INNOLiPA HPV Genotyping Assay.
Results. Overall the HPV prevalence was 52.6%; high-risk genotypes were found in 68.9% of women and multiple-type infection in 36.1% of HPV-positive women. The commonest types were HPV-52 (23.4%), HPV-53 (15.7%), HPV-16 (15.4%) and HPV-6 (12.4%). Among the women with cytological diagnosis, any-type of HPV DNA was found in 49.4% of the samples and out of these 93.7% were high-risk genotypes. Genotype HPV 53 was the commonest type among women affected by ASCUS lesions (21.4%), genotype 52 in positive L-SIL cases (22.5%), genotype 16 H-SIL (27.3%).
Conclusions. This study confirmed the high prevalence of HPV infection and high-risk genotypes among women with cervical abnormalities while, unlike previously published data, genotype HPV-52 was the most common type in our series. These data may contribute to increase the knowledge of HPV epidemiology and designing adequate vaccination strategies.

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How to Cite
Meloni, A., Pilia, R., Campagna, M., Usai, A., Masia, G., Caredda, V., & Coppola, R. (2014). Prevalence and molecular epidemiology of human papillomavirus infection in Italian women with cervical cytological abnormalities. Journal of Public Health Research, 3(1). https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2014.157