A childhood obesity prevention programme in Barcelona (POIBA Project): Study protocol of the intervention

  • Francesca Sánchez-Martínez | fsanchez@aspb.cat Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona; CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona; Universitat Pompeu Fabra, Departament de Ciències Experimentals i de la Salut, Barcelona, Spain. http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8198-1661
  • Olga Juárez Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Gemma Serral Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Sara Valmayor Promoció i Desenvolupament Social, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Rosa Puigpinós Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • María Isabel Pasarín Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Élia Díez Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Carles Ariza Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona, CIBER de Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid; Institut d´Investigació Biomèdica Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain.
  • Evaluation Group POIBA Project

Abstract

Background: Childhood obesity preventive interventions should promote a healthy diet and physical activity at home and school. This study aims to describe a school-based childhood obesity preventive programme (POIBA Project) targeting 8-to-12- year-old.
Design and methods: Evaluation study of a school-based intervention with a pre-post quasi-experimental design and a comparison group. Schools from disadvantaged neighbourhoods are oversampled. The intervention consists of 9 sessions, including 58 activities of a total duration between 9 and 13 hours, and the booster intervention of 2 sessions with 8 activities lasting 3 or 4 hours. They are multilevel (individual, family and school) and multicomponent (classroom, physical activity and family). Data are collected through anthropometric measurements, physical fitness tests and lifestyle surveys before and after the intervention and the booster intervention. In the intervention group, families complete two questionnaires about their children’s eating habits and physical activity. The outcome variable is the cumulative incidence rate of obesity, obtained from body mass index values and body fat assessed by triceps skinfold thickness. The independent variables are socio-demographic, contextual, eating habits, food frequency, intensity of physical activity and use of new technologies.
Expected impact for public health: It is essential to implement preventive interventions at early ages and to follow its effects over time. Interventions involving diet and physical activity are the most common, being the most effective setting the school. The POIBA Project intervenes in both the school and family setting and focuses on the most disadvantaged groups, in which obesity is most pronounced and difficult to prevent.

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Published
2018-02-05
Info
Issue
Section
Study Protocols
Supporting Agencies
Fondo de Investigación Sanitaria of the Carlos III Health Institute (Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness, Spanish Government), Font vella and Danone Companies, Agència de Salut Pública de Barcelona
Keywords:
School-based intervention programme, Evaluation, Lifestyle, Eating habits, Physical activity
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How to Cite
Sánchez-Martínez, F., Juárez, O., Serral, G., Valmayor, S., Puigpinós, R., Pasarín, M. I., Díez, Élia, Ariza, C., & POIBA Project, E. G. (2018). A childhood obesity prevention programme in Barcelona (POIBA Project): Study protocol of the intervention. Journal of Public Health Research, 7(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2018.1129