Assessment of the level and factors associated with knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among medical and paramedical personnel in ALERT Hospital, Ethiopia

  • Melese Yeshambaw Teferi | myeshambaw@gmail.com Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Simon Genet Woldesenbet Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Solomon Asnakew Feleke World Health Organization, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Ermias Hundito Abebe Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Hawult Taye Adane Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
  • Chalachew Misganaw Alemayehu Armauer Hansen Research Institute (AHRI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Abstract

Background: Though there was a high blood supply need in response to high communicable disease and increased emergency conditions; the practice of health professionals and non-health professionals on voluntary blood donation is still unexpectedly low in Ethiopia. Health professionals and non-health professionals working in the health sectors are pivotal in taking the lead to reverse the effect of inadequate blood supply system in the country. Therefore, the study aimed to understand the level and contributing factors of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of voluntary blood donation among health and non-health professionals in ALERT Hospital, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Design and Methods: A cross-sectional study design was conducted among health professionals and non-health professionals in ALERT hospital from 5 to 30 June 2018. A total of 394 hospital staffs participated in this study. A well-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice about voluntary blood donation. The statistical analysis was carried out using R.
Results: A total of 203 (51.5%) participants were females. Only 142 (36%) of the participants had voluntary blood donation practice. Among these, 60 (42.3%) of them were donated blood more than once. Occupation is the only factor significantly associated with blood donation practice; health professionals had almost two-fold donation practice than non-health professionals with (AOR=1.62; 5%CI: 1.02, 2.57, p=0.042). Occupation has also a strong relationship with knowledge, health professionals had better knowledge than non-professionals with (AOR=2.39; 95% CI: 1.39, 4.12; p=0.002). The result also showed that the educational status of the participants was strongly associated with the blood donors’ attitude (AOR=3.62; 95% CI: 1.1, 11.93, p=0.035). One hundred and two (72.3%) of the blood donors were motivated to donate blood for charity, 133 (94.3%) individuals were felt good after blood donation and lack of request was the major reason 88.6% that causes the respondents not to donate blood frequently. 
Conclusions: Low blood donation practice of health professionals and non-health professionals was identified from this study. Occupation had significantly associated with blood donation practice. Therefore, targeted interventions aimed at mobilizing hospital staffs and develop accessible blood donation centers are recommended to reverse the effect of inadequate blood supply system in Ethiopia.

Dimensions

Altmetric

PlumX Metrics

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Malako D, Yoseph F, Bekele ML. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice and associated factors of blood donation among health care workers in Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study. BMC Hematol 2019;19:10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12878-019-0140-9

Bilal M, Haseeb A, Zahid I, et al. Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions among non-blood donor female health care professionals. Global J Health Sci 2016;8:203. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/gjhs.v8n4p203

WHO, International Water Association. Global Status Report on Water Safety Plans: A review of proactive risk assessment and risk management practices to ensure the safety of drinking-water. 2017. Available from: https://www.who.int/water_sanitation_health/publications/global-status-report-on-water-safety-plans/en/

Custer B, Zou S, Glynn SA, et al. Addressing gaps in international blood availability and transfusion safety in low‐and middle‐income countries: a NHLBI workshop. Transfusion 2018;58:1307-17. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.14598

Nureye D, Tekalign E. Opportunities and challenges of blood donation and blood therapy in Ethiopia. Health Sci 2019;8:122-7.

Zanin TZ, Hersey DP, Cone DC, Agrawal P. Tapping into a vital resource: Understanding the motivators and barriers to blood donation in Sub-Saharan Africa. Afr J Emerg Med 2016;6:70-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.afjem.2016.02.003

Asamoah‐Akuoko L, Hassall OW, Bates I, Ullum H. Blood donors' perceptions, motivators and deterrents in Sub‐Saharan Africa–a scoping review of evidence. Br J Haematol 2017;177:864-77. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/bjh.14588

Melku M, Asrie F, Shiferaw E, et al. Knowledge, attitude and practice regarding blood donation among graduating undergraduate health science students at the University of Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia. Ethiopian journal of health sciences. 2018;28(5).

Urgesa K, Hassen N, Seyoum A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding voluntary blood donation among adult residents of Harar town, Eastern Ethiopia: a community-based study. J Blood Med 2017;8:13. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/JBM.S121460

Melku M, Terefe B, Asrie F, et al. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of adult population towards blood donation in Gondar Town, Northwest Ethiopia: a community based cross-sectional study. J Blood Transfus 2016;2016: 949862. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/7949862

Jemberu YA, Esmael A, Ahmed KY. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards blood donation and associated factors among adults in Debre Markos town, Northwest Ethiopia. BMC Hematol 2016;16:23. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12878-016-0062-8

Majdabadi HA, Kahouei M, Taslimi S, Langari M. Awareness of and attitude towards blood donation in students at the Semnan University of Medical Sciences. Electr Phys 2018;10:6821. DOI: https://doi.org/10.19082/68

Tadesse T, Berhane T, Abraha TH, et al. Blood donation practice and associated factors among health professionals in Tigray regional state public hospitals, northern Ethiopia. BMC Res Notes 2018;11:677. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3786-7

Arage G, Ibrahim S, Adimasu E. Blood donation practice and its associated factors among health professionals of University of Gondar Hospital, Northwest Ethiopia: a cross sectional study. BMC Res Notes 2017;10:1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13104-017-2618-5

Abolfotouh MA, Al-Assiri MH, Al-Omani M, et al. Public awareness of blood donation in Central Saudi Arabia. Int J General Med 2014;7:401. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/IJGM.S67187

Alfouzan N. Knowledge, attitudes, and motivations towards blood donation among King Abdulaziz Medical City population. Int J Family Med 2014;2014:539670. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2014/539670

Raghuwanshi B, PeHlAjANI NK, Sinha MK. Voluntary blood donation among students-a cross-sectional study on knowledge and practice vs. attitude. J Clin Diagn Res 2016;10:EC18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7860/JCDR/2016/21957.8733

Tariq S, Jawed S. Knowledge and attitude of blood donation among female medical students in Faisalabad. JPMA. J Pak Med Assoc 2018;68:65-70.

Elias E, Mauka W, Philemon RN, et al. Knowledge, attitudes, practices, and factors associated with voluntary blood donation among university students in Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. J Blood Transfus 2016;2016:8546803. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/8546803

Ehimen FA, Osagiede EF, Abah SO, et al. Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of voluntary non-remunerated blood donation among residents of Ekpoma, a peri-urban community in Edo State. Niger J Med 2016;25:348-57.

Chauhan R, Kumar R, Thakur S. A study to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices about blood donation among medical students of a medical college in North India. J Family Med Prim Care 2018;7:693. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_54_17

Nwogoh B, Aigberadion U, Nwannadi AI. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among healthcare workers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. J Blood Transfus 2013;2013: 797830. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/797830

Published
2021-01-14
Info
Issue
Section
Original Articles
Ethics Approval
Before the start of the data collection process ethical clearance was obtained from AHRI ethical committee. Following the approval of the proposal, a letter will be submitted to ALERT hospital director. Information on the research was provided on participant sheet and written informed consent was also taken from each participant using the informed consent sheet. Any information regarding subjects was kept confidential.
Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, voluntary blood donation, Ethiopia
Statistics
  • Abstract views: 184

  • PDF: 101
  • HTML: 0
How to Cite
Teferi, M. Y., Woldesenbet, S. G., Feleke, S. A., Abebe, E. H., Adane, H. T., & Alemayehu, C. M. (2021). Assessment of the level and factors associated with knowledge, attitude and practice of blood donation among medical and paramedical personnel in ALERT Hospital, Ethiopia. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.1860