A belief-based parenting behavior model for promoting family’s ability to care for children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in Indonesia
Background: Family’s ability to care for children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a central indicator in preventing the children from worse nutritional disorders. Environmental factor, child factor, caregiving behavioral systems, and beliefs can improve the family’s ability to care for children. The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of environmental factor, child factor, caregiving behavioral systems, and beliefs on the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID.
Design and Methods: This cross-sectional research was carried out on 245 families with children suffering from ARFID in Malang Regency, in the working area of the Health Office of Malang Regency. The population of this research was families with children suffering from ARFID within the working area of the Health Office of Malang Regency. The research sample size was computed using the rule of thumb in structural equation modeling (SEM), the sample size used was 245.
Results: Results showed that the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID was highly influenced by the caregiver’s belief (t = 21.796; β = 0.713). Caregiver’s belief became a dominant factor in the promotion of the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID. A caregiver’s belief was influenced by his/her behavior.
Conclusions: It was concluded that the caregiver’s belief serves as a primary factor in the promotion of the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID. A caregiver’s behavior holds a prominent role in influencing his/her belief in providing care for children suffering from ARFID.
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