A belief-based parenting behavior model for promoting family’s ability to care for children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in Indonesia

  • Yoyok Bekti Prasetyo Community Department; Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Muhammadiyah Malang, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia.
  • Nursalam Nursalam Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Ika Yuni Widyawati Department of Health Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • Rahmat Hargono Department of Health Education and Behavioural Sciences, Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1058-7821
  • Ahsan Ahsan Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia.
  • Kumboyono Kumboyono | abu_hilmi.fk@ub.ac.id Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Kota Malang, Jawa Timur, Indonesia.

Abstract

Background: Family’s ability to care for children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a central indicator in preventing the children from worse nutritional disorders. Environmental factor, child factor, caregiving behavioral systems, and beliefs can improve the family’s ability to care for children. The aim of this research was to analyze the effect of environmental factor, child factor, caregiving behavioral systems, and beliefs on the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID.
Design and Methods: This cross-sectional research was carried out on 245 families with children suffering from ARFID in Malang Regency, in the working area of the Health Office of Malang Regency. The population of this research was families with children suffering from ARFID within the working area of the Health Office of Malang Regency. The research sample size was computed using the rule of thumb in structural equation modeling (SEM), the sample size used was 245.
Results: Results showed that the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID was highly influenced by the caregiver’s belief (t = 21.796; β = 0.713). Caregiver’s belief became a dominant factor in the promotion of the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID. A caregiver’s belief was influenced by his/her behavior.
Conclusions: It was concluded that the caregiver’s belief serves as a primary factor in the promotion of the family’s ability to care for children with ARFID. A caregiver’s behavior holds a prominent role in influencing his/her belief in providing care for children suffering from ARFID.

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Published
2021-02-15
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Original Articles
Ethics Approval
This study was conducted according to the guidelines laid down in the Declaration of Helsinki and all procedures involving research study participants were approved by the Health Research Ethics Commission of the Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga (Approval No. 333-KEPK)
Keywords:
Belief-based parenting behavior model, avoidant restrictive food intake disorder, child health, family, Indonesia
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How to Cite
Prasetyo, Y. B., Nursalam, N., Widyawati, I. Y., Hargono, R., Ahsan, A., & Kumboyono, K. (2021). A belief-based parenting behavior model for promoting family’s ability to care for children with avoidant restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) in Indonesia. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.1964