Chemical risk in hospital settings: Overview on monitoring strategies and international regulatory aspects

  • Bruno Charlier Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Albino Coglianese Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2724-8212
  • Federica De Rosa University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi D’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5057-4032
  • Francesco De Caro Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Ornella Piazza Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Oriana Motta Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry "Scuola Medica Salernitana", University of Salerno, Baronissi , Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1088-6741
  • Anna Borrelli University Hospital “San Giovanni di Dio e Ruggi d’Aragona”, Salerno, Italy.
  • Mario Capunzo Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Amelia Filippelli Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy.
  • Viviana Izzo | vizzo@unina.it Department of Medicine, Surgery and Dentistry “Scuola Medica Salernitana”, University of Salerno, Baronissi (SA), Italy. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6066-7569

Abstract

Chemical risk in hospital settings is a growing concern that health professionals and supervisory authorities must deal with daily. Exposure to chemical risk is quite different depending on the hospital department involved and might origin from multiple sources, such as the use of sterilizing agents, disinfectants, detergents, solvents, heavy metals, dangerous drugs, and anesthetic gases. Improving prevention procedures and constantly monitoring the presence and level of potentially toxic substances, both in workers (biological monitoring) and in working environments (environmental monitoring), might significantly reduce the risk of exposure and contaminations. The purpose of this article is to present an overview on this subject, which includes the current international regulations, the chemical pollutants to which medical and paramedical personnel are mainly exposed, and the strategies developed to improve safety conditions for all healthcare workers. 

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Published
2021-03-24
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Keywords:
Occupational medicine, risk assessment, environmental monitoring, biological monitoring, sampling methods
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How to Cite
Charlier, B., Coglianese, A., De Rosa, F., De Caro , F., Piazza, O., Motta, O., Borrelli, A., Capunzo, M., Filippelli, A., & Izzo, V. (2021). Chemical risk in hospital settings: Overview on monitoring strategies and international regulatory aspects. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(1). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.1993

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