The influence of reminder book to adherence of heart failure patients in Malang city

  • Alfrina Hany | hanie.fk@ub.ac.id School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2146-4501
  • Rizqa Fadlila School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Endah Panca Lydia School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

Abstract

Background: Non-adherence to the recommended therapy causes patients with heart failure to experience recurrence of the disease. Reminder book on therapy adherence is very useful, because it assists in monitoring adherence to therapy carried out by patients while at home. Therefore, this study aims to determine the effect of the existence of a reminder book on adherence to therapy among patients with heart failure in a private hospital in Malang.
Design and method: A pre-experiment design with one-group pre and posttest was used. The respondents were 18 patients that received counseling on the management of heart failure therapy while at home and were given a reminder book. Furthermore, the modified MMAS-8 scale was the study instrument used to measure adherence.
Result: The results showed that most respondents were above the age of 65 with a treatment duration of 1 to 5 years. It was discovered that most of the respondents had never received information about heart failure therapy. Data analysis which was carried out using the Wilcoxon test with a p-value of 0.001, showed that there was a significant difference between respondents' compliance before and after being given a reminder book.
Conclusion: From this study, it was concluded that providing a reminder book has an effect on therapeutic adherence in patients with heart failure. Researchers recommend that hospitals should make use of this reminder as a tool to control or supervise outpatient therapy.

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Published
2021-04-14
Ethics Approval
This study was carried out after obtaining ethical permission from the Health Research Ethics Commission of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya No. 336 / EC / KEPK-S1- PSIK / 12/2018.
Keywords:
Reminder book, adherence to therapy, heart failure
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How to Cite
Hany, A., Fadlila, R., & Lydia, E. P. (2021). The influence of reminder book to adherence of heart failure patients in Malang city. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2158