Correlation between the burden of family caregivers and health status of people with diabetes mellitus

  • Niko Dima Kristianingrum | nikodima.fk@ub.ac.id School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Dian Azizah Ramadhani School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Yati Sri Hayati School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Setyoadi Setyoadi School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

Abstract

Background: Family caregivers play an important role in providing long-term care for people with diabetes mellitus because it is a chronic disease that requires critical attention. This increases the burden of family caregivers which affects the health status of people with this disease. Therefore, the aim of this study is to determine the correlation between the burden of family caregivers and the health status of people with diabetes mellitus. 
Design and methods: This is an analytic observational study which was carried out in the work area ofpublic health centers in Malang City using a cross-sectional design approach. The subjects used were 327 people with diabetes mellitus and their families were selected using the cluster sampling technique. Data collection was carried out using demographic data instruments, Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) questionnaire to measure the burden of family caregivers and the SF 12 questionnaire to measure the health status of people with diabetes mellitus.
Results: The results of the Spermank-Rank statistical test showed that there was a negative relationship between the burden of family caregivers and the health status of people with diabetes mellitus (p-value 0.000 and coefficient value of -0.333).
Conclusions: It was concluded that the lesser the burden on family caregivers, the better the health status of people with diabetes mellitus. Therefore, interventions are needed to reduce the burden of family caregiver and improve the health status of patients with diabetes mellitus.

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Published
2021-04-14
Ethics Approval
This study has been approved by the Health Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia, with ethical clearance number 06/EC/KEPK/01/2020
Keywords:
Burden, family caregiver, health status, diabetes melitus
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How to Cite
Kristianingrum, N. D., Ramadhani, D. A., Hayati, Y. S., & Setyoadi , S. (2021). Correlation between the burden of family caregivers and health status of people with diabetes mellitus. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2227