Knowledge, awareness and dietary practice on urolithiasis among general population in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia: Preliminary findings

  • Siti Noorkhairina Sowtali | sitinoorkhairina@iium.edu.my Department of Professional Nursing Studies, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4430-9707
  • Siti Roshaidai Mohd Ariffin Department of Special Care Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Nor Syawanidamia Nazli National Heart Institute, 145 Jalan Tun Abdul Razak, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
  • Nor Azwani Binti Mohd Shukri Department of Nutrition Sciences, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak Department of Nutrition Sciences, Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Islah Munjih Ab Rashid Department of Surgery, Kulliyyah of Medicine, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Suhana Binti Muhamad Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.
  • Fatin Noraliah Adzali Undergraduate Nursing Student, Kulliyyah of Nursing, International Islamic University Malaysia, Bandar Indera Mahkota Campus, Pahang, Malaysia.

Abstract

Background: To date, no studies have been published at evaluating the level of knowledge, awareness and practice of dietary, particularly regarding to urolithiasis in patients or the general population. This study aims to provide basic information on the level of knowledge, awareness and dietary practice among general population in Kuantan, Pahang.
Design and Methods: The respondents (n=30) were conveniently recruited within 10 kilometres radius of Kuantan city. The data were obtained using semi-guided administered questionnaires, which consists of four parts: socio-demographic data, lifestyle and clinical history (Part A); attitude and awareness on dietary practice regarding urolithiasis (Part B); food frequency questionnaire on urolithiasis (Part C) and level of knowledge on urolithiasis (Part D).
Results: Majority of the respondents were women (70%), Malay (83.3%), mean age of 33.97 (±9.27), married (63.3%), completed higher education level (60%), working with government sector (33.3%) and have fixed monthly income (53.3%). Some of them had hypertension (n=4), diabetes (n=1), gout (n=1) and intestinal problem (n=1). Majority (80%) claimed having no family history of urolithiasis, consumed alcohol (10%), exercise with average frequency 2-3 times/week (46.7%) and heard about urolithiasis from healthcare worker (46.7%). The respondents’ awareness about urolithiasis is considered to be good [81.23 (±9.98)] but having poor knowledge score [2.70 (±1.149)]. Majority preferred wholemeal bread, white rice, chicken meat, mackerel fish, chicken egg, apple, carrot, mustard leave and fresh milk in daily intake. Lesser plain water intake than standard requirement was noticed among respondents. Seasoning powder was commonly used for seasoning.
Conclusions: Generally, the general population of Kuantan, Pahang was aware of urolithiasis disease but needed more information on dietary aspect in terms of knowledge and food choice.

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Published
2021-04-14
Ethics Approval
Ethical clearance were obtained from Kulliyyah of Nursing Post Graduate Research Committee (KNPGRC) No.1/2020 dated 17th January 2020 and Kuantan Municipal Council [(62)dlm.MPK/Y:H/5 109)] dated 14th January 2020
Supporting Agencies
This study was supported by the International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) and the Ministry of Higher Education under the funding of Fundamental Research Grant Scheme for Research Acculturation of Early Career Researchers (RACER)
Keywords:
Knowledge, attitude, practice, dietary intake, urolithiasis
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How to Cite
Sowtali, S. N., Ariffin, S. R. M., Nazli, N. S., Shukri, N. A. B. M., Khattak, M. M. A. K., Ab Rashid, I. M., Binti Muhamad, S., & Adzali, F. N. (2021). Knowledge, awareness and dietary practice on urolithiasis among general population in Kuantan, Pahang, Malaysia: Preliminary findings. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2238