Associations between nutrition knowledge, protein-energy intake and nutritional status of adolescents

  • Antika Prycilla Veronika Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Theresia Puspitawati | thpuspitawati@respati.ac.id Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Indonesia.
  • Ayu Fitriani Public Health Department, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Abstract

Background: Adolescence is a period of life with specific health and developmental needs. Nutrition in adolescents is necessary to be considered because it has to be in a  balanced form. The data of Sleman District Health Office 2016 showed that 114 adolescents in Public Health Center of Mlati 1 had undernutrition. Also, it showed that the highest prevalence was at Vocational High School of Muhammadiyah Mlati, which was 42% male and 31% female students. This study aims to know the association of nutrition knowledge, protein-energy intake and adolescents’ nutritional status at Vocational High School of Muhammadiyah Mlati, Sleman Yogyakarta.
Design and Methods: This was an observational analytical study with a cross-sectional design. The subjects were adolescents aged 15-18 years, selected using stratified random sampling with a total of 58 persons. Data collected were analyzed using the Spearman Rank Correlation for bivariate technique (where α = 0.05).
Results: It was shown that 81.0%  had a good nutrition knowledge, 91.4% had deficit energy intake, 82.8 %  had deficit protein intake, and 58.6% had severe nutritional status. Bivariate analysis showed that there was no significant relationship between nutrition knowledge and nutritional status (p=0.394), but energy intake and nutritional status were related (p=0.010 <α = 0.05). Furthermore, protein intake and nutritional status had a significant relationship (p=0.039 <α = 0.05).
Conclusions: To be concluded,  there was a correlation between the protein and energy intake and nutritional status of adolescents.

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Published
2021-04-14
Ethics Approval
This study was performed according to the ethical standards for human experimentation by the Institutional Review Board of Health Sciences Faculty, Universitas Respati Yogyakarta (IRB No. 758.4/FIKES/PL/XI/2017)
Keywords:
Nutrition knowledge, protein-energy intake, nutritional status
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How to Cite
Veronika, A. P., Puspitawati, T., & Fitriani, A. (2021). Associations between nutrition knowledge, protein-energy intake and nutritional status of adolescents . Journal of Public Health Research, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2239