Effectiveness of diabetes self-management education (DSME) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients: Systematic literature review

  • Ucik Ernawati | ucikerna@student.ub.ac.id School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7563-9712
  • Titin Andri Wihastuti School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.
  • Yulian Wiji Utami School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Brawijaya, Malang, Indonesia.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus is a chronic disease characterized by high glucose levels (hyperglycemia) due to metabolic disorders that prevent patients from producing sufficient amounts of insulin. This research aims to test the effectiveness of implementing diabetes self-management education in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus. The search for relevant articles was carried out through Google Scholar, PubMed, Proquest, and Science Direct using the keywords diabetes mellitus, management education, self-care, diabetes self-management education, DSME, T2DM. The articles were then selected based on inclusion and exclusion criteria. Furthermore, the data were extracted, grouped, and concluded. Based on 15 articles, diabetes self-management education intervention provides significant effectiveness to lifestyle changes and the self-care of T2DM patients. In conclusion, diabetes self-management education intervention has been shown to be effective in dealing with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, DSME has a positive effect on lifestyle changes and the self-care of T2DM patients.

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References

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Hailu FB, Moen A, Hjortdahl P. Diabetes self-management education (DSME) – Effect on knowledge, self-care behavior, and self-efficacy among type 2 diabetes patients in Ethiopia: A controlled clinical trial. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes 2019;12:2489. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/DMSO.S223123

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Marincic PZ, Salazar MV, Hardin A, et al. Diabetes self-management education and medical nutrition therapy: A multisite study documenting the efficacy of registered dietitian nutritionist interventions in the management of glycemic control and diabetic dyslipidemia through retrospective chart rev. J Acad Nutr Diet 2019;119:449-63. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2018.06.303

Zheng F, Liu S, Liu Y, et al. Effects of an outpatient diabetes self-management education on patients with type 2 diabetes in China: A randomized controlled trial. J Diabetes Res 2019;2019:1073131. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1155/2019/1073131

Gathu CW, Shabani J, Kunyiha N, et al. Effect of diabetes self-management education on glycaemic control among type 2 diabetic patients at a family medicine clinic in Kenya: A randomised controlled trial. African J Prim Heal Care Fam Med 2018;10:1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/phcfm.v10i1.1762

Brunisholz KD, Briot P, Hamilton S, et al. Diabetes self-management education improves quality of care and clinical outcomes determined by a diabetes bundle measure. J Multidiscip Healthc 2014;7:533. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2147/JMDH.S69000

Rusdiana, Savira M, Amelia R. The effect of diabetes self-management education on Hba1c level and fasting blood sugar in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in primary health care in binjai city of north Sumatera, Indonesia. Open Access Maced J Med Sci 2018;6:715. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3889/oamjms.2018.169

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Published
2021-04-14
Keywords:
Diabetes mellitus, management education, self-care, diabetes self-management education
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How to Cite
Ernawati, U., Wihastuti, T. A., & Utami, Y. W. (2021). Effectiveness of diabetes self-management education (DSME) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients: Systematic literature review. Journal of Public Health Research, 10(2). https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2021.2240