A community-based oral health promotion model for HIV patients in Nairobi, East District in Kenya: a study protocol

  • Lucina N. Koyio Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Nairobi Dental Teaching Hospital, Kenya.
  • Wil J.M. van der Sanden | w.vandersanden@dent.umcn.nl Department of Global Oral Health, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, College of Oral Sciences, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
  • Andre van der Ven Department of General Internal Medicine, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen Institute for Infection, Inflammation and Immunity, Netherlands.
  • Jan Mulder Department of Global Oral Health, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, College of Oral Sciences, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
  • Nico H.J. Creugers Department of Oral Rehabilitation, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, College of Oral Sciences, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
  • Matthias A.W. Merkx Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, Nijmegen, Netherlands.
  • Jo E. Frencken Department of Global Oral Health, Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre, College of Oral Sciences, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Abstract

Background: General HIV-related orofacial lesions, most commonly oropharyngeal candidiasis, have a typical clinical appearance and can be recognised by members of the community. Although affected patients often experience pain leading to compromised eating and swallowing, barriers such as social stigma and lack of knowledge regarding available services may prevent them from seeking early care. Educating the community about these lesions through community health workers (CHWs) who are democratically elected community members may encourage individuals affected to seek early oral health-care in the health facilities. A health facility (HF) is a health centre mainly run by clinical officers (CO), i.e. personnel with a 3-year medical training, and nurses. This study aims to evaluate the effect of a CHW training programme on: i) their knowledge and recognition of HIV-related oral-facial lesions at a community level; and ii) referral of affected patients from the community to the HFs. Design and Methods: All 800 CHWs in 2 administrative divisions of Nairobi East District (test group n=400; control group n=400) will be selected. The test group will receive training. CHWs in both groups will be assessed at 4 time points: −3, 0, +3 and +6 months with reference to the training on: i) their knowledge of HIV-related orofacial lesions (using a written questionnaire); and ii) their performance in referring affected patients to the HFs (using clinical data). Expected Impact: Early recognition of HIV-related orofacial lesions at a community level will prompt community members to seek early oral care, leading to early HIV testing and counselling regarding failure of antiretroviral therapy, while treatment outcomes are still favourable.

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Published
2013-06-07
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Section
Study Protocols
Supporting Agencies
The Netherlands Organization for International Cooperation in Higher Education (NUFFIC) for supporting this work through the research Grant nr, C&B-NFP-PHD.10/110).
Keywords:
HIV, community, oral health
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How to Cite
Koyio, L. N., van der Sanden, W. J., van der Ven, A., Mulder, J., Creugers, N. H., Merkx, M. A., & Frencken, J. E. (2013). A community-based oral health promotion model for HIV patients in Nairobi, East District in Kenya: a study protocol. Journal of Public Health Research, 2(1), e5. https://doi.org/10.4081/jphr.2013.e5